• Geographic Location
A volcanic island that is home to around 5,700 giant lizards , sandwiched between Sumbawa and Flores Island border of East Nusa Tenggara ( NTT ) and West Nusa Tenggara ( NTB ) , and administratively entered kewilayah West Manggarai , NTT. Taklain , the place name is Komodo Island National Park. Komodo Island National Park consists of three main islands , namely the island of Komodo , Rinca , and Padar . Amounting to 603 km2 rest are small islands . When totaled , widely Komodo Island National Park reached 1917 km2 .
In general, the topography of the island of Komodo dansekitarnyacuram and steep . That is because the position of the national parks in the cluster of active volcanoes between Australia and the Sunda shelf . Typography Komodo island is dominated by a range of rounded hills along the axis of the north to the south at an altitude of 500-600 meters . The coastline of the island of Komodo and the surrounding irregular , it is marked by numerous coastal bays and inlets separated by headlands and steep cliffs .
Types of vegetation on the island is dominated by forest - savanna grasses , particularly anthropogenic origin , which covers approximately 70 % of the park . The dominant trees are palm savannah . Deciduous forest ( monsoon ) tropical occurs along the base of the hill and the valley base .
• Flora and Fauna
Komodo Island store relict flora of many endemic species . It was marked by moss-covered stone , rattan , bamboo groves , and many tree species are generally present at low altitude . In Komodo island beaches , mangrove trees are often encountered . Usually found in bays Komodo island, Rinca , and Padar. As has been mentioned above that the national park is famous for the largest lizard species in the world . The population of the animals ' ancient ' is distributed in the islands of Komodo , Rinca , and Gili cut , and in certain coastal areas west and north of Flores .
The islands of Komodo , Padar , Rinca , and Gili cut and the surrounding waters are luasnya75.000 ha declared a national park on March 6, 1980 ( MoF , 1990 ) . In 1984 the park was expanded to 219 322 ha by the Decree of the Minister 46/kpts/VI-Sek/1984 . Much earlier , in 1938 , Padar and Rinca are protected as part of a nature reserve and is then expanded in 1965 in conjunction with the inauguration of Komodo Island as a biosphere reserve under the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme in January 1977 through Decree No. 66. In 1986 by UNESCO , Komodo Island National Park was declared as one of the world who need to be in lindungiatau biosphere reserve . At first , the park aims to melesatarikan species of dragons or in Latin is called Varanuskomodoensis
People who live in the Komodo National Park numbered 4,521 inhabitants in 2010. A majority of professional fishermen occupied by residents of the island of Komodo and surrounding areas. They come from Bajau tribe Bugis . Meanwhile , the original inhabitants of the island of Komodo is the Ata Modo tribes that still exist on the island of Komodo . But along with the number of migrants from other regions then blood , indigenous culture and language has been mixed with the newcomers .